Robola | P.D.O. Robola of Cephalonia
The first vine grew and spread, covering the entire island of Cephalonia. The white, yellow, red and black grapes produce fine wines such as Moschato, Vostolidi, Thiniatiko, Tsaoussi and Robola, one of the nobelest Greek varieties. The Robola vine grows on thin soil, in a cool climate and requires plenty of sunlight.
Robola produces elegant dry white wines with the most notable one being P.D.O. Robola of Cephalonia. This is a wine full of lemony fruit and fresh acidity but definitely not lacking in depth and extract.
Robola grapes are solely cultivated amidst the Robola Zone, which lay in the most mountainous area of Cephalonia, and extends around the Omala Valley. The climate is lacking in extremes, and maritime influence is obvious.
Total cultivation is about 250 acres of vineyards planted between 1900 and 2013. The majority is the Robola variety, with most of the vineyards planted on their own roots, with a diverse clone range. A small amount of other native varieties such as Tsaousi, Vostilidi, Muscat, Mavrodaphne is cultivated as well.
Due to the aggressive topography, Cephalonia has a diversity of meso-climates. In general, the island has cool-to-cold and wet winters (1300 mm rainfall, some of the highest in Greece) and warm-to-hot and dry summers. The average August temperature is 26.6°C. Rainfall is dominant in the winter, with most rain falling between October and March. Frost and hail risk is minimal.
The majority of the older vineyards have a west to southwest aspect (planted on the mount Aenos slopes) at an altitude of 900-2100 feet. Some of the newer plantings have a more southern aspect.